The results showed an average oil yield obtained of 11.6%, specific gravity of 0.92kg/m3, the refractive index of 1.464 at 30°C, an acid value of 7.72 mg KOH/g, a free fatty acid value of 3.16 g/100g, saponific… The iodine value is a measure of the degree of unsaturation of vegetable oils and determines the stability to oxidation and allows the overall unsaturation of the fat to be measured quantitatively [37]. Use of P ropofol and emergence agitation in children: A literature review . Fruits and vegetables are a good source of natural antioxidants, containing many different antioxidant components which provide protection against harmful free radicals which have been implicated in the aetiology of several human ailments such as cancer, neural disorders, diabetes, arthritis, and cardiovascular disorder [6–8]. The oil yield was very low with a value of 11.6% as compared to that of 12% recorded by Adebayor, Orhevba [27], 8.05% and 12.70% for [30]. The tree grows as a wild plant and belongs to the family of Sapotaceae which has up to 800 species and constitutes almost half of the order [1]. Z. Abidin, R. Yunus, and A. Muhammad, “Extraction of oil from Jatropha seeds-optimization and kinetics,”, T. O. K. Ando, E. O. Aluyor, S. Egualeona, and S. S. Momoh, “Extraction and characterization of Chrysophyllum albidum and Luffa cylindrica seed oils,”, Emmanuel S. A., O. Article. It has a specific gravity of 0.92 at 30°C which is different from that of Adebayor, Orhevba [27] who had 0.89 at 25°C, 0.8269 at 25°C for [31]. The Fourier Transform Infrared data used to identify the various functional groups regarding the oil of this study are included within the article. Writing a literature review is the next task in progressing with my Ph.D. It is a small-to-medium tree species, up to a height of 25-37 m having a mature girth varying from 1.5 to 2.0 m [2]. The oil extracted from the African Star Apple seeds (Chrysophyllum albidum) with hexane using the soxhlet apparatus was physically and chemically analyzed and gave the following results as presented in Table 1. Figure 3 shows the linear plot of log( – ) versus t for the Lagrangien pseudo-first-order model and Figure 4 shows the linear plot of t/ versus t for the Lagrangien pseudo-second-order model for reduction of Methyl orange using shells of Chrysophyllum albidum activated with CaCl2, MgCl2, and ZnCl2. Drivers and challenges to people’s empowerment . Published online: 13 May 2020. On the basis of the correlation coefficient, the adsorption of Methyl orange dye from solution by shells of Chrysophyllum albidum activated with CaCl2 follows a first-order reaction pathway while the shells activated with MgCl2 and ZnCl2 follows a second-order pathway. packs a real punch’ Andy McDermott TO POSSESS IT HE WILL PAY IN BLOOD Where ex-SAS major Ben Hope goes, trouble always follows… African literature is literature of or from Africa and includes oral literature (or "orature", in the term coined by Ugandan scholar Pio Zirimu).. As George Joseph notes in his chapter on African literature in Understanding Contemporary Africa, whereas European views of literature often stressed a separation of art and content, African awareness is inclusive: This indicates that the seed may not be a good source of abundant oil. The oil was extracted using hexane with the soxhlet apparatus at a temperature of 65°C for 4 hours. To remind us all of the humanity of these refugees, and perhaps shed a little light on their experience, below are a few recommendations for great works of literature either written by refugees, or about the refugee experience, or both—not, of course, an exhaustive list by … This could be attributed to the active vacant sites within the activated shells as reported by [40]. (Supplementary Materials). We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. It is also not as thick as most drying oils whose refractive indices fall between 1.475 and 1.485 [33]. First of all, Apple’s product line encompasses a series of brilliant and distinctive products, such as Mac (Macintosh), iPod, iPhone and iPad; and in the mean time the designers of Apple Inc. are improving and innovating on their product line constantly. Pseudo-first-order adsorption kinetics of the dye. There are several fruits in Ghana that have essential oils which are of great medical importance. More extensive information about the journal is available here. Blending with pre-gelatinized starch (pulp:starch, 7:3) followed, yielding the FS. From literature, most of the research works done are from Nigeria and the shells have all been used in the removal of heavy metals. It was however higher than that of Ominyi, Ominyi [31] which was 90.71 mg/KOH/g but lower for Musa, Isah [30] who reported 228.4 mg/KOH/g. 2019, Article ID 4959586, 8 pages, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/4959586, 1Department of Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry Unit, School of Physical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana, 2Department of Chemistry, Water and Sanitation Unit, School of Physical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana. MDA was lower (0.92 ± 0.04nmole/ml) in Rats stressed and fed the FS when compared to exclusively stressed groups (2.28 ± 0.09nmole/ml). Physical and chemical parameters of the African Star Apple seed oil (Chrysophyllum albidum) are presented in Table 1. 5-Hydroxylmethylfurfural was the dominant Bioactive observed. The African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) is a kind of fruit that is grown in Ghana. African star apple – also known as white star apple, “cherry”, agbalumo (Yoruba), udara (Igbo) and otien (Edo) – in Nigeria, is associated with the dry season. Development into an acceptable food supplement (FS) with anti-stress potentials has not been explored. The report illustrates the application of the major analytical strategic frameworks in business studies such as SWOT, PESTEL, Porter’s Five Forces, Value Chain analysis, Ansoff Matrix and McKinsey 7S Model on Apple. Steam-activated carbon prepared from Chrysophyllum albidum seed shell for the adsorption of Cadmium in wastewater (kinetics, equilibrium, and thermodynamic studies) was also investigated by [24] and was observed to be a potential sequester of Cadmium in wastewater. The overall performance of the three shells shows that ZnCl2 performed slightly better than MgCl2 in reducing the concentration of Methyl orange in the solution. Once again, the cotyledons contained in the african star apple seeds have an anti-hyperglycemia effect that has an effect on the decrease in high … ( Steve Wozniak . The most widely used adsorbent is activated carbon [16]. Moreover, in today’s world social media is becoming more and more populate so therefore the rising use of social media is also an opportunity for Apple as it will increase the demand for their digital products such as the iPhone or iPad where users are able to download lots of popular social media apps. Rising intake of supplement positively correlated with Hepatoprotective activity. African star apple validated to reduce blood sugar, cholesterol By CHUKWUMA MUANYA, Assistant Editor (Head Insight Team, Science and Technology) 07 January 2016 | 6:10 am Adsorptive studies of the fruit shell for the removal of dye were also performed after chemical activation with CaCl2, MgCl2, and ZnCl2. Botanically called Chrysophyllum albidum (Fam. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The high saponification value suggests the use of the oil in production of liquid soap, shampoos, and lather shaving creams [35, 36]. 50ml of the solution is collected after an hour and filtered using a Whatman filter paper and the concentration of methyl orange in the filtrate measured using Shimadzu T70 UV-Vis spectrometer. Michael A. Anang, Michael Oteng-Peprah, Kwasi Opoku-Boadu, "Extraction and Characterisation of African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) Seed Oil and the Adsorptive Properties of the Fruit Shell in Ghana", International Journal of Food Science, vol. B. Paiko, “Effects of solvent blending on the characteristics of oils extracted from seeds of Chrysophyllu, albidium,”, G. Nimet, “Extraction of sunflower (Heliantus annuus L.) oil with supercritical CO2 and subcritical propane: Experimental and modelling,”, G. Cao, E. Sofic, and R. L. Prior, “Antioxidant capacity of tea and common vegetables,”, H. Wang, G. H. Cao, and R. L. Prior, “Total antioxidant capacity of fruits,”, Y. S. Velioglu, G. Mazza, L. Gao, and B. D. Oomah, “Antioxidant activity and total phenolics in selected fruits, vegetables, and grain products,”, F. M. Oloyede and F. A. Oloyede, “The Antioxidant and Food value of Chrysophyllum albidium,”, D. S. Olorunnisola, “Anti-hyperglycemic and hypolipidemic effect of ethanolic extract of chrysophyllum albidum seed cotyledon in alloxan induced-diabetic rats,”, S. Sayyar, Z. Siphamandla Zondi. 1 Information 2 Appearance 3 History 3.1 The Ukumbusho Tradition 3.2 Timon and Pumbaa's Christmas 3.3 The Scorpion's Sting 3.4 Little Old Ginterbong African tar apples are used as a food source, as well as to create paint with. The post-colonial is neocolonial in the Indian Ocean region: the case of Chagos seen through the African-centred decolonial theoretical lens. This could be an advantage as oil with high free fatty acids developing off-flavor during storage [36]. African star apple is a tropical edible fruit that is widely consumed among Nigerians. The percentage of removal of sorbent was calculated using where R% is the percentage recovery of methyl orange from the solution CO is the initial concentration of methyl orange in solution Ct is the concentration of methyl orange at time t. It is represented by the following:Integrating the above equation with boundary conditions of t=0, qt=0, and t=t, qt=qt gives the following: where qe and qt are the amounts of dye adsorbed at equilibrium and at time t (mg/g), respectively, t is the contact time (min), and K1 is the pseudo-first-order rate constant (/min). The iodine value of the extracted oil was measured and found to be 72.8 mg/KOH/g. Literature in the African continent has its basis mainly in the traditions of South African, Francophone and Anglophone literatures. The seeds and roots extracts of Chrysophyllum albidum are used to arrest bleeding from fresh wounds and to inhibit microbial growth of known wound contaminants and also enhance the wound healing process [11]. Physical and Chemical Properties of the Extracted. Fascinated and intrigued by every word, I found that when I thought I had found a favorite, the next poem was even better! FS also significantly (P = 0.05) enhanced (36–109%) the activities of antioxidant enzymes. Abstract | Full Text | References | PDF (1058 KB) | Permissions 91 Views; 0 CrossRef citations; Altmetric; Article. African star Apple based food supplement with general acceptability was developed. A. Abia, M. Horsfall Jr., and O. Didi, “The use of chemically modified and unmodified cassava waste for the removal of Cd, Cu and Zn ions from aqueous solution,”, R. R. Bansode, J. N. Losso, W. E. Marshall, R. M. Rao, and R. J. Portier, “Pecan shell-based granular activated carbon for treatment of chemical oxygen demand (COD) in municipal wastewater,”, A. H. Mahvi, D. Naghipour, F. Vaezi, and S. Nazmara, “Teawaste as an adsorbent for heavy metal removal from industrial wastewaters,”, O. S. Amuda, O. I. Ojo, and T. I. Edewor, “Biosorption of lead from industrial wastewater using chrysophyllum albidum seed shell,”, O. S. Amuda, T. I. Edewor, T. J. Afolabi, and Y.-T. Hung, “Steam-activated carbon prepared from Chrysophyllum albidum seed shell for the adsorption of cadmium in wastewater: Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies,”, F. K. Onwu and S. P. I. Ogah, “Studies on the effect of pH on the sorption of cadmium (II), nickel (II), lead (II) and chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by African white star apple (Chrysophyllum albidium) shell,”, S. E. Adebayo, B. About this review . Generally, the roots, barks, and leaves of Chrysophyllum albidum are widely used as an application to sprains, bruises, and wounds in southern Nigeria [10]. Various agricultural products, such as coconut shell [15, 17], rice husk [18], groundnut husk [19], cassava peels [20], pecan shells [21], and tea wastes [22], have been reported to be effective in the remediation in wastewaters. The chemical activation of the pyrolised and powdered Chrysophyllum albidum fruit shell was performed using CaCl2, MgCl2, and ZnCl2. African star apple farming in Nigeria is yet to enjoy the attention that has been showered on other fruits. African literature, an area where the relationship of the artist with the land is absolutely recognised and understood, covers a huge range of languages, cultures and colonial contexts. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. We will take a look at African Star Apple, known in Ga as Alasa. This research work was self-funded by the authors. Low free fatty acids content is indicative of low enzymatic hydrolysis. Albidum to determine the optimum conditions for the extraction of the oil and also to characterize the oil extracted and determine its physicochemical properties. Innovative spirit of Apple Inc. has been approved across the world. From a nutritional perspective, the African star apple is a rich source of calcium, with each serving providing up to 10% of the recommended daily allowance (RDA). This was placed in a heating mantle at 65°C and the liquid condensate dripped into the thimble which contained the milled sample. During pyrolysis, nitrogen gas at a flow rate 0.1m3/hr was used as purge gas. This property makes the leaves/fruits useful medically, for the treatment of type two diabetes though … Sapotaceae ), African star apple is a popular tropical fruit tree that is widely distributed throughout the southern part of Nigeria. It is the weight (mg) of potassium hydroxide required to neutralize the free acid in 1 g of the oil. Methyl orange with a concentration of 0.2mg/L and 0.5mg/L was prepared and used as the adsorbent for this study. The calculated parameters of the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second order models for the adsorption methyl orange using activated ZnCl. Most plant seeds are a source of essential oils. Africa Star apple (ASA) remains under-utilized. The oil yield was calculated based on the differences in weight of the sample and thimble before and after extraction:where  Wi is the weight of thimble and sample before extraction Wf is the weight of thimble and sample after extraction. There are two different varieties of Star Apples one with purple skin and one with green skin. The dried shells were then activated in a furnace at a temperature of 550°C for 4 hours to complete the activation process of the Chrysophyllum albidum shells. The Apple Valley Review is an online literary journal. This was higher than that obtained by Adebayor, Orhevba [27] and Musa, Isah [30] but lower than that obtained Ominyi, Ominyi [31]. . I have been reading and taking notes and I know, in theory, that my review should bring many aspects of a work together in a smooth and efficient manner. The low oil yield could be attributed to variation in genes, climate, plant species, soil condition, and improper processing techniques such as prolonged exposure of harvested seeds to sunlight which is capable of impairing the oil yield considerably [32]. Adsorption tests were carried out in 2L Erlenmeyer flask using 1g each of shells activated with CaCl2, MgCl2, and ZnCl2. An investigation on the antioxidant and food value of Chrysophyllum albidum showed the plant contains some phenol, flavonoid, anthocyanin, and proanthocyanidin and also a high antioxidant value [9]. The free fatty acid of the extracted oil was 3.16 mg/KOH/g as compared to 2.25 mg/KOH/g by Adebayor, Orhevba [27] and 9.90 mg/KOH/g by [31]. Ripe African Star Apples are savoury-sweet and tart in taste. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. The oil yield of 11.6% was low as compared to oil from palm kernel oil (45.6%) and groundnut oil (35.76%) [41] The physicochemical properties of the African Star Apple seed oil indicated that it is nondrying (saponification value of 200mg/KOH/g) and can be used as a feedstock for production of soaps, lubricating oils, and lighting candles. A round bottom flask containing analytical grade N-Hexane (99%) was fitted with a reflux condenser to the top. The oil was extracted using hexane with the soxhlet apparatus at a temperature of 65°C for 4 hours. It is published twice annually, once in spring and once in fall. The adsorption data used to support the findings of this study are included within the supplementary information file (available here). The straight-line plot of log (qe-qt) against t gives log (qe) as slope and intercept equal to k1/2.303. Mean Sensory (taste) scores for food supplemented with FS (5.5 ± 1.17) compared favourably with the unsupplemented (6.2 ± 1.03). A. Orhevba, P. A. Adeoye, J. J. Musa, and O. J. Fase, “Solvent extraction and characterization of oil from african star apple (chrysophyllum albidum) seeds,”, S. E. Adebayor, “Solvent extraction and characterization of oil from african star apple (chrysophyllum albidium) seeds,”, N. Ahalya, R. D. Kanamadi, and T. V. Ramachandra, “Biosorption of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by the husk of Bengal gram (Cicer arientinum),”, K. A. Krishnan and T. S. Anirudhan, “Removal of cadmium(II) from aqueous solutions by steam-activated sulphurised carbon prepared from sugar-cane bagasse pith: Kinetics and equilibrium studies,”, M. Umaru, A. G. Isah, I. A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources that provides an overview of statement or the study’s goals or purpose. After the first two hours, the rate of reduction of the dye decreases until equilibrium was reached after 5 hours of contact time for all the three seed shells with different activation. The data obtained were fitted to adsorption isotherm models. B. Adelola, P. A. Aderemi, J. M. Jiya, and O. F. Jumoke, “Solvent extraction and characterisation of oil from african StarApple (Chrysophyllum albidum) seeds,”, M. Umaru, A. G. Isah, M. U. Garba, and U. Zelihatu, “Extraction of Chrysophyllum albidum seed oil: optimization and characterization,”, T. Viraraghvan and M. M. Dronamraju, “Removal of copper, nickel and zinc from wastewater by adsorption using peat,”, M. A. Amer, F. I. Khaili, and A. M. Awwad, “Adsorption of lead, zinc and cadmium ions on polyphosphate-modified kaolinite clay,”, G. Yan and T. Viraraghavan, “Heavy metal removal in a biosorption column by immobilized, M. Dakiky, M. Khamis, A. Manassra, and M. Mer'eb, “Selective adsorption of chromium(VI) in industrial wastewater using low-cost abundantly available adsorbents,”, F. E. Okieimen, E. U. Okundia, and D. E. Ogbeifun, “Sorption of cadmium and lead ions on modified groundnut (Arachis hypogea) husks,”, A. They are burnt orange fruits with small brown stems at the top. An acceptable FS with good anti-stress potential has been developed to further expand the utilization for ASA. Apple have already pounced on the opportunity by creating the iPhone, iPad and Apple Watch. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. This complex taste lends itself well when paired in sweet dishes as a dessert or added to a cocktail. Oil from plant and animal are employed in the formulation of foods, cosmetics, and drugs in many industrial activities [5]. Apple Inc Report contains a full analysis of Apple corporate social responsibility including Apple CSR issues. Similarly, [13] investigated into the extraction and characterisation of the seed oil. The use of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrometer to determine the functional groups has been reported by various researchers [28, 29]. Table of the FTIR results of the Oil showing the various frequencies, % transmittance and their functional assignments. This is the adsorption data that was used for this study. Adsorption has advantages over other methods of remediation of heavy metals from wastewater because its design is simple; it is sludge-free and can be of low capital intensive [15]. In parts of Anambra and Imo States, this tree (African Star Apple) forms the focal point or venue for a fertility rite, in which young girls, childless wives celebrates a festivity – eating, singing and dancing for the sole purpose of praying to the gods of birth, this is a gesture of charity, since children are freely entertained without discrimination or distinction. African star apple is one of source to do a Diabetes Treatments With Natural Sources and Activities. Activities of antioxidant enzymes were largely boosted by the Food supplement. List of various diseases cured by Star Apple. It was performed to determine the various functional groups of the chemical components using the Fourier Transform Spectroscopy Model I-R Prestige 21 Shimadzu. The physical and chemical properties of the extracted oil data used to support the findings of this study are included within the article. The extract was then heated to recover the solvent with a rotary evaporator (R00102439, 50W/15A) leaving behind the extracted oil. African Star Apples are a type of fruit that grow in the Pride Lands. Hence, the amount of solute sorbed per gram of sorbent at equilibrium (qe) and the first-order rate constant (k1) can be evaluated from the slope and intercept. This is a seasonal fruit that is available during the dry seasons. The functional groups identified within the wavelength of 1709 – 1744 cm−1 were compared to oil from Chamomile and Rosemary by Anwer S. El-Badry, and Sameh S. Ali [39] as well as the Corn and Mustard oil to represent C= O ester carbonyl of triglycerides [39]. December 2014 . FTIR analysis also revealed that the oil contains several functional groups such as the alkenes and aromatics which may be beneficial to the human body. Saponification value of oil serves as an important parameter in determining the suitability of the oil for soap making [34]. This was then filtered using a Whatman filter paper and the residue was oven-dried at 200°C for 2 hours. The oil of Chrysophyllum albidum has been extracted from the corresponding seeds in a soxhlet extractor with hexane (boiling point range: 55°C-65°C) and analyzed for moisture content, pH, specific gravity, saponification value, refractive index, peroxide value, acid number, free fatty acid, and iodine value by [12]. Percentage reduction of dyes with time (hrs). The spectral analysis as displayed in Figure 1 shows the various peaks of the functional groups present in the oil. ‎THE SENSATIONAL ADVENTURE FROM THE #1 BESTSELLING AUTHOR ‘Deadly conspiracies, bone-crunching action and a tormented hero with a heart . Frequencies ranging between 3008.01cm−1 and 2853cm−1 with transmittances of 92.69 (%T) and 62.1(%T), respectively as shown in Table 2 showed asymmetric and symmetric stretching of C-H representing alkanes just as Corn and Mustard oils which showed 2854.7 – 2925.8 cm−1 as C-H asymmetric and symmetric stretching vibrations of the aliphatic CH2 [38]. African star apple fruit pulp‐supplemented diet modulates fertility‐related biomolecules in the testis and epididymis of high‐fat diet/streptozotocin‐induced diabetic rats It was then pyrolyzed in a furnace (Nabertherm, LE140K1BN, 230V, 1/N/PE) at a temperature of 500°C for two hours. Each issue features a collection of poetry, short fiction, and essays. However, activation with ZnCl2 performed better with about 70% removal of dye than that of CaCl2 and MgCl2. 46 and 1.672 at 31.2°C for Adebayor, Orhevba [27]. The color was found to be deep red just as reported by Musa, Isah [30] but different from Adebayor, Orhevba [27] and Ominyi, Ominyi [31] who recorded it as red. Studies were conducted by [25] on the effect of pH on the sorption of cadmium (ll), nickel (II), lead (II), and chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by African white star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) shell and realised the process is highly pH-dependent. Saponification value (SV) is related to the average molecular mass of fatty acid in the oil sample. The African star apple food supplement formulation was produced by blending African star apple pulp powder and pre-gelatinized starch in different ratios - 9:1, 8:2, 7:3, 6:4, 5:5, 4:6, 3:7, 2:8, and 1:9 respectively. The Star Apple is of the family Sapotaceae and relative of the mamey sapote and the green sapote. This has been worrying me for some time. The dried seeds were milled using a laboratory rotary mill (IKA M20 Universal Mill). Fresh ripped fruits of African Star Apple were bought from some local market sellers at the University of Cape Coast Science market which is located in the Southern part of Ghana. The experiment was conducted under room temperature of 25 C. The change in concentration of the dye with time could be seen in the date above. The saponification value obtained was 200 mg/KOH/g which was closer to the value of 199.50 mg/KOH/g obtained for Adebayor, Orhevba [27]. They are known by a variety of different names such as golden-leaf tree, caimito maduraverde in Spain, caimite and caimitier in France and cainito and ajara in Portugal. The results of the physicochemical analysis of the oil extracted from the African Star Apple seeds were compared favorably with those of other traditional seed oils such as palm kernel and groundnut. The kinetics of the adsorption favoured a pseudo-first-order reaction pathway for CaCl2 with R2 of 0.941 while ZnCl2 and MgCl2 favoured a pseudo-second-order reaction pathway with R2 of 0.914 and 0.973, respectively. Although the cherry farming business is not popular in Nigeria, the profitability of the business is without a doubt. Some other researchers [14] investigated into the effect of process variables (particle size, temperature, and time) on the extraction of oil from Nigerian Chrysophyllum. Literature Review Of African Star Apple In case you are not satisfied with the level of professionalism of Literature Review Of African Star Apple your writer, you can easily change the writer. *This sample paper was adapted by the Writing Center from Key, K.L., Rich, C., DeCristofaro, C., Collins, S. (2010). 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The crude oil sample relative to water in many industrial activities [ 5 ] repertory... Powdery form and sieved with a rotary evaporator ( R00102439, 50W/15A ) leaving behind the extracted oil measured... Points of the extracted oil was 1.464 which agreed with that of the review. ( mg ) of potassium hydroxide required to neutralize the free acid in 1 of!, key questions will be raised linking the review aspects back to the value of oil as. Literary journal this is a popular tropical fruit tree that is widely distributed throughout the southern part of.... For ZnCl2 agitator at 200rpm and 60°C for four hours to perform as efficient as of... Extraction [ 26 ] a type of fruit that is widely consumed among Nigerians and industrial oil,. Included within the article time ( hrs ) dripped into the extraction and characterisation the... Molecular mass of fatty acid value ( SV ) is related to COVID-19 quickly... Of fruit that is available here ) known locally as ‘ Alasa is... Many industrial activities [ 5 ] 1 BESTSELLING AUTHOR ‘ Deadly conspiracies, bone-crunching action and tormented... And this was then pyrolyzed in a furnace ( Nabertherm, LE140K1BN 230V. Regarding the oil showing the various frequencies, % transmittance and their functional assignments Tim Cook are orange! As Alasa using CaCl2, MgCl2, and political leaders whose outsider eventually... Are a type of fruit that is widely distributed throughout the southern part of Nigeria take look! Was 1.464 which agreed with that of CaCl2 and MgCl2 the FS the! Iphone, iPad and Apple Watch when activated with CaCl2, MgCl2, respectively, and ZnCl2,!

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